ANTONINIANII FROM THE MINT OF ANTIOCH UNDER THE REIGN OF PHILIP THE ARAB (244-249 AD)

 

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NUMBER OF SPECIMENS


The tables below present for each issue the number of specimens (with pictures) known to me for each type, found in numismatic catalogues, on Internet or on auction sites such as Ebay. Note : this is not an exhaustive list; numerous other types are known (more than 120 types exist) but I havenít come across any of such specimens since they are extremely rare. In any case, the idea was to illustrate the relative scarcity of the issues from Antioch rather than presenting a complete listing of all the existing types.

The second goal of this research was to study the die-links (by observing the pictures) in order to determine, for a type of reverse, in which order the coins were produced.

It should be noted that the number of Philip I specimens from the unknown Eastern mint (issues of AD 244) was not included since their production -in two issues and three officinas- has been clearly established (these issues were struck only for Philip the Arab, and present only one bust style).

You can put the cursor on green cells (for coins of Philip the Arab), yellow cells (coins of Philip II) or purple cells (coins of Otacilia Severa) to see a specimen from my collection (Note : the number of specimens indicated includes the item shown).


Number of specimens known to me :  
1032
 
Unknown Eastern mint, 1st issue (beginning of Spring 244 AD)
NI = not included
obverse legend Reverse legend Representation on reverse Philip I A12
IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG
// P M (under bust)
VIRTVS EXERCITVS Virtus standing right, holding spear, left hand resting on a shield NI
SPES FELICITATIS ORBIS Hope walking left, holding flower and raising skirt NI
PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS Peace standing left, holding branch and sceptre NI


Unknown Eastern mint, 2nd issue (Spring & beginning of Summer 244 AD)
NI = not included
obverse legend Reverse legend Representation on reverse Philip I A12
IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M VIRTVS EXERCITVS Virtus standing right, holding spear, left hand resting on a shield NI
SPES FELICITATIS ORBIS Hope walking left, holding flower and raising skirt NI
PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS Peace standing left, holding branch and sceptre NI


Unknown Eastern mint, Otacilia Severa special issue
(Spring or beginning of Summer 244 AD)
obverse legend Reverse legend Representation on reverse Otacilia Severa
MARCIA OTACILIA SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGVSTI Philip the Arab and Otacilia Severa facing, clasping hands 1
PIETAS AVG N Pietas standing left, holding globe and sceptre, hand over child 1
MARC OTACI SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGVSTI Philip the Arab and Otacilia Severa facing, clasping hands 1
PIETAS AVG N Pietas standing left, holding globe and sceptre, hand over child 8


Antioch, 1st issue (mid 247 AD)
Reverse legend Representation on reverse obverse legend Busts of Philip the Arab Busts of Philip II Otacilia Severa
A12 B21 A21 A11 B11 A22 A12 B21 A21 A11 A22
P M TR P IIII COS P P Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 31     7 1   39     4    
Philip standing left, sacrificing over tripod       IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 1     1 3   3          
AEQVITAS AVGG Equity standing left, holding scales IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 35   1 1     44     8    
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG             3          
CONCORDIA AVG Concordia seated left IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 1 8         1   1      
ROMAE AETERNAE Roma seated left IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 4   6       16 6 1      


Antioch, 2nd issue (2nd half of 247 AD)
Reverse legend Representation on reverse obverse legend Busts of Philip the Arab Busts of Philip II Otacilia Severa
A12 B21 A21 A11 B11 A22 A12 B21 A21 A11 A22
P M TR P IIII COS II P P Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 13 23         21 5 5      
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                       4
Philip standing left, sacrificing over tripod       IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 2 5         2 1 3      
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                       1
Philip standing left sacrificing, no tripod IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 2                      
AEQVITAS AVG Equity standing left, holding scales IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 46 54   7 2 1 51 4 27 9    
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                       1
CONCORDIA AVGG Concordia seated left IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 10 8         23 5 3      
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                       1
ROMAE AETERNAE Roma seated left, altar at her feet IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 2   3       7 1 1      
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG             1          
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                        
ADVENTVS AVGG Philip riding horse to the left IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 3 6           1        
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                       1*

* : specimen from ancient auction (picture provided by Roger Bland).


Antioch, 3rd issue (Spring & Summer 249 AD)
Reverse legend Representation on reverse obverse legend Busts of Philip the Arab Busts of Philip II Otacilia Severa
A12 B21 A21 A11 B11 A22 A12 B21 A21 A11 A22
P M TR P VI COS P P Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 51           71     4 3  
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG 2           8          
Philip standing left, sacrificing over tripod       IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 7           52     7    
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG 6                      
Radiate lion walking right IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 8           4   5      
Radiate lion walking left IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 7           9          
Radiate lion walking left,
thunderbolt in mouth
IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG             5          
SAECVLVM NOVVM Temple of six columns with
statue of Roma inside
IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 15 2 11 3     32     6    
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG 8           1          
AETERNITAS AVGG Elephant walking left, driven by a man IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 13     1     20     10    
FIDES EXERCITVS Four standards IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 27           6          
FELI / CITAS / IMPP Inscription in 3 lines in a laurel wreath IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG     2       1 7 5      


Antioch, Prototypes and errors
(P M TR P III COS P P : 246-247 AD, SAECVLARES AVGG : 249 AD)
Reverse legend Representation on reverse obverse legend Busts of Philip the Arab Busts of Philip II Otacilia Severa
A12 B21 A21 A11 B11 A22 A12 B21 A21 A11 A22
P M TR P III COS P P Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus          IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 4           3          
M OTACIL SEVERA AVG                       1
SAECVLARES AVGG Cippus inscribed COS III IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 1*           3          
FIDES MILIT Fides standing, holding two standards IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 1*                      

* : specimen from ancient auctions (pictures provided by Roger Bland).

NB : the P M TR P V COS III P P specimen listed by R. Bland (nį34) is not in the Antioch mint style, but seems to be a hybrid from an unknown Balkan mint.



 

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